Buddhist architecture consists of temple, pagoda and grotto. Buddhist
architecture was introduced into China with the introduction of Buddhist
religion during the Han dynasty. The Buddhist architecture was considered as
aesthetic and cultural.
The main emphasis in the Chinese Buddhist architecture was given on
symmetries and layered roofs.
Normally, the main structure is the central line of symmetry, facing the
south. Additional structures are on the west and east flanks. Temple Gate,
Heavenly King Hall, the Main Hall and Sutra Library successful constructed
on the line of symmetry. Dorm, kitchen, dinning hall, storehouse and
antechamber usually cluster on the right side while left side remains for
Pagoda is also the main integrating part of the Buddhist architecture, with
varied styles and strong native essence. The most famous palace underground
lies at the Famen Temple in Xian, Shaanxi.
Another Buddhist architecture is grotto complex constructed, usually with
huge patterns and exquisite engravings.
Garden architecture is another form of Chinese architecture and also an
important part of Chinese rich heritage. Garden architecture is a
combination of structures of man-made panorama and natural landscapes.
Garden architecture represents as scenic resorts. These gardens usually are
constructed on a large public area as they are based on the combination of
natural scenes and man-made landscape and also the structures of the suburb
areas or mountains. Garden forms an ideal place for hangout and picnics.