is the art of fighting or marshal arts, In Chinese- Wu means Military
and Shu means Art. Wushu is the most prestigious and unique art
form of Chinese rich cultural heritage from centuries. It not only includes
physical exercise but also study of Chinese reasoned doctrine,
transcendental meditation and artistry.
Martial Arts or Wushu, have been developed for self protection and survival
throughout human history. Chinese Wushu skills bestow an individual with the
foremost methods of exercises, forming a competitive sport and a basis for
Martial training includes Ti - kicking, Da - punching, Shuai - throwing, Na
- controlling, Gi - hitting, Ci - thrusting, etc. Each style involves
defensive techniques, offensive strategies, retraction, mobility and
immobility, rapidity and slow-pace, resisting or moldable position.
Recently, the Chinese government changed the Wushu term to "Guoshu,"
or "National Method". The most popular term used in North America
is "Kung-fu" that means one's competency in any ability, not
Wushu can be skilled by an individual as a solo art, paired or in a group
with barehanded or equipped with ancient Chinese weapons.
Wuhus Styles and Systems
Through many centuries Wushu has been developed into different systems- the
most renowned systems include- Shaolin Temple System and Mt. Wudang System.
Only the Shaolin system has hundreds of styles. Among the many styles are
Chang quan (long fist), Nan quan (southern fist)-- belongs to the external
style which emphasizes on physical strength and abilities.
Taiji quan (shadow boxing or supreme ultimate fist), Xingyi quan (mind
fist), Baqua quan (eight directions fist) -- belongs to the internal style
that depends upon internal power.
Chi C Chinese Kung Fu Styles
Shaolin Kung Fu
Shaolin Quan or Shaolin Chuan style was originated in the Shaolin Temple on
Mount Songshan in Henan Province. The art was named after the temple. The
founder of the Shaolin Quan was said to be an Indian monk.
Tai Chi Chuan
Includes Tai Chi and Tai Chi Chuan and Tai Chi Chuan Styles.
Tai Chi Chuan routines require calmness and concentration. Forces and
energy should be produce from the spine and waist before reaching the arms
and legs. The movements are executed slowly, continuously and softly.
Practitioners are required to breathe regularly and smoothly.
Chinese Martial Arts Weapons (Chinese Kung Fu Weapons)
The ring is another Chinese Wushu weapon. It is circular in shape, about 30
cm in diameter, and made of metal with sharp blades around the outer rim.
Sparring in Chinese Martial Arts
Two or more unarmed or armed persons participate in the fight. The routines
for sparring include such offence and defense techniques as kicking,
wrestling, holding, beating, thrusting, chopping, lifting, axing,
finger-hitting at certain parts of the body, jumping and leaping.
Wushu as a modern Art
Chinese Wushu has been modernized. Wushu become a more vigorous and
artistic performance and competitive sport. More and more foreigners come to
learn the mysterious Wushu. In order to promote Wushu internationally, Chinas
Zhengzhou International Shaolin Wushu Festival is held twice a year.
Wushu Training Institution
EducAsian's Wushu / Martial Arts program is held primarily at the Beijing
University of Physical Education (BUPE) and it is a home to many of China's
top coaches and martial art teachers. Wu Bin, Jet Li's teacher and actors-
Donny Yuen and Zhao Wen Zhou are some of the famous teachers of this art.
BUPE is currently one of the premier locations for serious martial arts
training in China, attracting athletes from all over China and the world. It
offers the best opportunity to get training from the Chinas top
coaches whom were former national champions and coaches of international