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The Army Of Terra Cotta WarriorsThe Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses are the most momentous archeological unearthing of the 20th century. The site is around 1.5 km east of Emperor Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum. It is a sight not to be missed in any itinerary of a visitor to China.

This 2,200 year-old marvel was funeral site of king Qinshihuang- the first emperor of China. It is located in suburb of Xi'an City and was retrieved when local farmers were digging a well nearby. The site has 3 exhibition chambers housing the continuing excavation of army of 6,000 terra-cotta soldiers and horses that guard the tomb of Qinshihuang.

The Terra Cotta life-size warriors are becoming a major tourist attraction for visitors coming from around the corner. Indeed, since its excavation in 1974, millions of foreign visitors have toured the Terra-cotta Warriors Museum in Xi’an and marveled at the underground wonders.

The Royal Burial of Emperor Qin Shihuangdi
The ancient burial-site of the first Chinese Emperor Qin Shihuangdi was located in the Xian City. The human seize terra cotta warriors were placed all around the burial tomb of Emperor Qin. Before Qin Shihuangdi’s regime, the rulers were buried along with women, slaves, and soldiers. This custom prevailing during China's feudal period vanished at the time of Qin. The emperor ordered for a gigantic clay army to be actualized for his protection after his death, hence the actual humans were substituted for the terra cotta sculptures. He wanted to enjoy the same kind of life what he had led on earth even after his death.
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The museum is extended over an area of 14,000 sq. m and houses about 6,000 life-size terra-cotta warriors and horses. The poignant vision of the marionette rowed in a perfect formation spellbound its visitors with splendor and sublimity.
The height of the normal soldiers ranges from 5 ft. 8 in. to 6 ft. 2.5 in. Those that rode the chariots were 6 ft. 2.5 in. The commanders stood at the raised platform, representing the significance of the officer.

Life size terracotta figures of warriors and horses arranged in battle formations are the dominating characteristic of the museum. They are duplicates of what the royal guard should look like in those days of pageantry and power.

Special Features of the Terra Cotta Models
The area extends up to 689 feet long, 197 feet wide and the trenches that contain the soldiers are 14.8 to 21.3 feet deep. The bodies of the soldiers were formed out of terra cotta clay. Each soldier was baked in a furnace. The soldiers are positioned in such a way as if ready for a battlefield. Another attraction is the costumes of the warriors and the spears and other weapons carried by them. Each warrior is wearing an army uniform, which distinguishes the soldier's rank, the uniforms were either painted green of red to mark the distinction.
Each soldier is marked with different facial expressions. Even the horses found at this site have different poses.

Altogether over 6,000 pottery soldiers, horses, chariots, and even weapons have been unearthed from these pits. Most of them have been restored to their former grandeur. The site was listed by UNESCO in 1987 as one of the worlds cultural heritage.

These Terra Cotta warriors will continue to give insight into the history of both Chinese art and war tactics. They represent a magnificent art and imperial life patterns of the rulers during the Qin Dynasty.

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